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Health Benefits of Amino Acids
and Amino Acid Supplement Amino Acid Health Benefits Nonessential (synthesized in the body) Alanine Inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain; component of cell walls; glucose can be made from alanine in the liver or from muscles when energy is needed; part of some intestinal bacteria Serine Component of nerve coverings and brain proteins; involved in metabolism of purines and pyrimidines (part of RNA and DNA); important information of cell membranes and creatine synthesis Proline Major amino acid in collagen; involved in formation of bone, skin, and cartilage Asparagine Formed from aspartic acid; helps in the metabolic function of brain and nervous system cells L-arginine Effects on several major endocrine hormones; plays a large role in muscle growth and healing; helps regulate and support key components of the immune system; important in male fertility (is essential in children) L-ornithine Shares arginine’s properties; is also capable of stimulating growth hormone release L-aspartic Acid Involved in formation of ammonia and urea for disposal; excitatory function in the brain L-cysteine Precursor of glutathione, a major antioxidant in the body L-glutamine and
L-glutamic Acid Glutamine is a derivative of glutamic acid; important in brain function; precursor of important neurotransmitters in nervous system Glycine Helps save glucose for energy by facilitating glycogen storage; involved in brain metabolism; necessary for synthesis of hemoglobin and collagen L-histidine Essential in children for growth; involved in production of blood cells and histamine L-tyrosine Synthesized from phenylalanine; involved with important brain neurotransmitters; can cause large short-term increase in levels of dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine in the blood Essential (not synthesized in the body) Threonine Important constituent in many proteins; essential in formation of elastin, collagen, and tooth enamel protein; minor role in controlling fat buildup in the liver L-lysine Promotes tissue repair and growth; involved in production of hormones, enzymes and antibodies L-methionine and
Taurine Taurine and cysteine, important amino acids, depend on methionine for biosynthesis in the body; helps regulate nervous system and muscle system L-phenylalanine,
DL-phenylalanine Involved in a number of biochemical processes related to brain synthesis of various neurotransmitters L-tryptophan Important in the biosynthesis of serotonin, a brain neurotransmitter thought to be an inducer and regulator of certain stages of sleep