Types of Epilepsy
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Types of Epilepsy
Symptomatic Generalized Epilepsy
refers to epilepsy syndromes in which the majority of seizures are generalized, but partial onset seizures can also occur. Virtually any type of partial onset seizure can also occur, depending on the underlying brain pathology.
Primary Generalized Epilepsy
(Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy)
refers to an epilepsy syndrome of idiopathic or unknown cause.
Occipital Lobe Epilepsy
This area is the main center of the visual system. Occipital seizures usually begin with visual hallucinations like flickering or colored lights, rapid blinking, or other symptoms related to the eyes and vision.
Parietal Lobe Epilepsy
This area plays important roles in touch perception, the integration of sensory information and in visual perception of spatial relationships among objects. In the language dominant side of the brain (the left side for most right-handed individuals), the parietal lobe is also involved with language, planned movements such as writing, as well as mathematical skills.
Seizures originating from the parietal lobe can involve both sensory and visual sensations. Seizure duration varies, from a few seconds in some patients to a few minutes in others.
Idiopathic Partial Epilepsy
Idiopathic epilepsy is a primary brain disorder of unknown cause.
Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy
are rare and frequently result from hereditary metabolic disorders. They feature a combination of myoclonic and tonic-clonic seizures.
Seizures are triggered by specific stimuli in the environment. The environmental triggers in reflex epilepsy include flashing lights, sounds such as church bells, a certain type of music or song, or a person’s voice.
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE)
This area is part of the limbic system, which controls emotions and memory.
The common seizure type in TLE is a complex partial seizure.
Frontal Lobe Epilepsy
This area is responsible for a wide array of functions including motor function, language, impulse control, memory, judgment, problem solving, and social behavior, to name a few, seizure symptoms in the frontal lobes vary widely. Also, the frontal lobes are large and include many areas that do not have a precisely known function.
Seizure symptoms in the frontal lobes vary widely.