Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

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Risk Factors of Breast Cancer
Drinking alcohol
Lack of physical activity
Being overweight or obese after menopause
Taking DES (diethylstilbestrol)
Radiation therapy to the chest:
Breast density
Older women whose mammograms (breast x-rays) show more dense tissue are at increased risk of breast cancer
Race
Breast cancer is diagnosed more often in white women than Latina, Asian, or African American women.
Family history
Personal history of Breast cancer
Reproductive and
menstrual history
Gene changes
Changes in certain genes increase the risk of breast cancer.
Certain breast changes
Having certain types of abnormal cells (atypical hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS]) increases the risk of breast cancer
Age
Most cases of breast cancer occur in women over 60. This disease is not common before menopause.
Large, well-designed studies have shown no link between abortion or miscarriage and breast cancer.
Women who take menopausal hormone therapy with estrogen plus progestin after menopause also appear to have an increased risk of breast cancer.
Women who never had children are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
Women who went through menopause after age 55 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
Women who had their first menstrual period before age 12 are at an increased risk of breast cancer.
The older a woman is when she has her first child, the greater her chance of breast cancer
Source: National Cancer Institute, U.S. National Institutes of Health. www.cancer.gov