Causes of Cerebral Palsy

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Brain damage caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain
(hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy or intrapartum asphyxia)
If the supply of oxygen is cut off or reduced for lengthy periods, an infant can develop a type of brain damage called hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, which destroys tissue in the cerebral motor cortex and other areas of the brain.
Bleeding in the brain
(intracranial hemorrhage)
Intracranial hemorrhage describes bleeding inside the brain caused by blocked or broken blood vessels.
What Causes Cerebral Palsy?
Damage to the white matter
of the brain
periventricular leukomalacia [PVL]
The white matter of the brain is responsible for transmitting signals inside the brain and to the rest of the body. PVL describes a type of damage that looks like tiny holes in the white matter of an infant’s brain. These gaps in brain tissue interfere with the normal transmission of signals.
Abnormal development of the brain
(cerebral dysgenesis)
Any interruption of the normal process of brain growth during fetal development can cause brain malformations that interfere with the transmission of brain signals.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. www.ninds.nih.gov
Causes of Cerebral Palsy