Types of Diabetic Neuropathy - 2

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Source: National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health. diabetes.niddk.nih.gov
Peripheral Neuropathy
(Distal Symmetric Neuropathy or Sensorimotor Neuropathy) is nerve damage in the arms and legs. Symptoms of peripheral neuropathy may include:
numbness or insensitivity to pain or temperature
a tingling, burning, or prickling sensation
sharp pains or cramps
extreme sensitivity to touch, even light touch
loss of balance and coordination
Autonomic Neuropathy
affects the nerves that control the heart, regulate blood pressure, and control blood glucose levels. Autonomic neuropathy also affects other internal organs, causing problems with digestion, respiratory function, urination, sexual response, and vision. In addition, the system that restores blood glucose levels to normal after a hypoglycemic episode may be affected, resulting in loss of the warning symptoms of hypoglycemia.
Focal Neuropathy
appears suddenly and affects specific nerves, most often in the head, torso, or leg. Focal neuropathy may cause
inability to focus the eye
double vision
aching behind one eye
paralysis on one side of the face, called Bell’s palsy
severe pain in the lower back or pelvis
pain in the front of a thigh
pain in the chest, stomach, or side
pain on the outside of the shin or inside of the foot
chest or abdominal pain that is sometimes mistaken for heart disease, a heart attack, or appendicitis
Proximal Neuropathy
(Lumbosacral Plexus Neuropathy, Femoral Neuropathy, or Diabetic Amyotrophy) starts with pain in the thighs, hips, buttocks, or legs, usually on one side of the body. This type of neuropathy is more common in those with type 2 diabetes and in older adults with diabetes. Proximal neuropathy causes weakness in the legs and the inability to go from a sitting to a standing position without help. Treatment for weakness or pain is usually needed. The length of the recovery period varies, depending on the type of nerve damage.
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Types of Diabetic Neuropathy

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