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Fainting, especially during exercise
Light-headedness, especially after activity or exercise
Sensation of feeling heart beat (palpitations)
Shortness of breath
Heart failure (in some patients)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the thickening of the muscles that make up the heart. The thickening may interfere with the normal functioning of the heart by narrowing the outflow of the ventricle, reducing the ability of the heart to relax and fill with blood during the relaxation phase, or reducing the ability of the valves of the heart to function properly.
In Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the thickened muscle makes the inside of the left ventricle smaller so that it holds less blood. The walls of the ventricles also may become stiff. As a result, they are less able to relax and fill with blood. This causes increased pressure in the ventricles and the blood vessels of the lungs. Changes also occur to the cells in the damaged heart muscle. This may interfere with the heart's electrical signals, leading to arrhythmias.
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