Arthroscopy of the Knee

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Arthroscopy of the Knee
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which a small (~5mm in diameter) fiberoptic telescope, called an arthroscope, is inserted into a joint. Fluid is then inserted into the joint to distend the joint and to allow for the visualization of the structures within that joint. Usually the surgery is viewed on a monitor.
The most common types of arthroscopic surgery include removal or repair of a torn meniscus (cartilage), ligament reconstruction, removal of loose debris, and trimming damaged cartilage.
Incisions are very small (approximately 1/8 inch), which creates less damage and allows faster healing.
Common knee injuries that can be repaired using arthroscopic surgery
Knee, semi-flexed position, anterior
Transverse ligament tear
Medial meniscal tear
Lateral meniscal tear
Anterior cruciate ligament tear
Lateral
Collateral
Ligament
Anterior
Cruciate
(ACL)
Femur
Fibula
Patella
Tibia
Medial
meniscus
Posterior
(PCL)
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