Stages of Kidney Cancer

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Stage IV
One of the following:
The tumor extends beyond the fibrous tissue that surrounds the kidney; or
Cancer cells are found in more than one nearby lymph node; or
The cancer has spread to other places in the body such as the lungs.
Recurrent cancer is cancer that has come back (recurred) after treatment. It may come back in the kidney or in another part of the body.
Stage III
One of the following
The tumor does not extend beyond the kidney, but cancer cells have spread through the lymphatic system to one nearby lymph node; or
The tumor has invaded the adrenal gland or the layers of fat and fibrous tissue that surround the kidney, but cancer cells have not spread beyond the fibrous tissue. Cancer cells may be found in one nearby lymph node; or
The cancer cells have spread from the kidney to a nearby large blood vessel. Cancer cells may be found in one nearby lymph node.
Stage II
the tumor measures more than 2 3/4 inches. The cancer cells are found only in the kidney.
Stage I
early stage of kidney cancer. The tumor measures up to 2 3/4 inches (7 centimeters). It is no bigger than a tennis ball. The cancer cells are found only in the kidney.
Early Stage
Source: National Cancer Institute, U.S. National Institutes of Health. www.cancer.gov
Stages of Kidney Cancer