Facts About Leukemia

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Leukemia
WHAT IS LEUKEMIA
RISK FACTORS
SYMPTOMS
TREATMENT
Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. In a patient with Leukemia, the body (more specifically the bone marrow) produces abnormal white blood cells. The abnormal white blood cells are also referred to as leukemic cells. These leukemic cells do not function normally, and with time, crowd out the normal white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.
Most Leukemia patients do not have any known risk factors, but factors that may increase the chances of Leukemia include:
Smoking
Exposure to high levels of radiation
Exposure to chemicals
Chemotherapy
Down Syndrome and certain other genetic diseases
Infection with Human T-cell Leukemia Virus-I (HTLV-1), a type of HIV
Myelodysplastic syndromes and certain other blood diseases
Symptoms of Leukemia may include some or all of the following:
Unexplainable fevers
Night sweats
Frequent infections
Weakness and fatigue
Frequent headaches
Easy bruising of the skin
Decreased appetite and weight loss
Treatment differs depending on the type of Leukemia the patient has. Treatment options may include:
Biological therapy
Surgery
Radiation
Bone marrow transplant
Innovative treatments
Normal Bone Marrow
Abnormal Proliferation of
Cells in Bone Marrow
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