Herbs Used to Alleviate Conditions and Symptoms

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Herbs Used to
Alleviate Conditions and Symptoms
Condition/Symptom
Herbs Used
Angina
Hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata, C. monogyna)
Anxiety and Sleep Disorders
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)
Passion flower (Passiflora incarnata)
Hops (Humulus lupulus)
Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
L-Tryptophan (natural amino acid, occurs in concentrations of
1%-2% in plant and animal proteins)
Appetite Loss
Significant bitter herbs:
Gentian (Gentiana lutea)
Centaury (Centaurium erythraea)
Minor bitter herbs:
Bitterstick (Swertia chirata)
Blessed Thistle (Cnicus benedictus)
Bogbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)
Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)
Arteriosclerosis
Garlic (Allium sativum)
Arthritis
Willow bark (Salix alba, S. purpurea, S. fragilis)
Bronchial Asthma
Ephedra or ma huang (Ephedra species, particularly E. sinica, E. equisetina, E. gerardiana)
Burns, Wounds, and Infections
Calendula (Calendula officinalis)—tea for putative and
antispasmodic effects
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)
Cancer
Apricot pits (Prunus armeniaca)
Pau d’Arco (Tabebuia) also called lapacho, or taheebo
Mistletoe (Viscum album)
Colds and Flu
Demulcent antitussives: Cough suppressants
Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)—however, it contains toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids
Iceland moss (Cetraria islandica)
Marshmallow root (Althaea officinalis, Malva sylvestris)
Mullein flowers (Verbascum thapsus, V. densiflorum, V. phlomoides)
Plantain leaves (Plantago lanceolata)
Slippery elm (Ulmus rubra)
Nauseant-expectorants (caution given about safe consumption)
Lobelia (Lobelia inflata)
Ipecac (Cephaelis ipecacuanha, C. acuminata)
Local irritants
Anise (Pimpinella anisum)
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris, T. zygis)
Eucalyptus leaves (Eucalyptus globulus)
Surface tension modifiers
Licorice, also known as glycyrrhiza (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
Seneca snakeroot (Polygala senega)
Communicable Diseases and Infections
Echinacea (Echinacea angustifolia, E. pallida, E. purpurea)
Congestive Heart Failure
Adonis (Adonis vernalis)
Oleander (Nerium oleander)
Apocynum or black Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum, A. androsaemifolium)
Black hellebore (Helleborus niger)
Cactus grandiflorus (Selenicereus grandiflorus)
Convallaria or lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)
Squill (Urginea maritima)
Strophanthus (Strophanthus kombe, S. hispidus)
Control Hypertension
Garlic
Depression
St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Diarrhea
Blackberry leaves (Rubus fruticosus)
Blueberry leaves (Vaccinium corymbosum or V. Myrtillus)
Raspberry leaves (Rubus idaeus)
Digestion
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Gastric and Duodenal (Peptic) Ulcers
Gynecological Disorders
Menopausal symptoms, PMS, dysmenorrhea, female sex hormone imbalances or deficiencies
Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)
Chaste tree berry (Vitex agnus-castus)
Evening primrose oil (Oenothera biennis)
Black currant oil (Ribes nigrum)
Raspberry leaves (Rubus idaeus, R. strigosus)
Borage seed oil (Borago officinalis)
PMS
Hyperthyroidism
Bugle weed (Lycopus virginicus, L. europaeus)
Indigestion—Dyspepsia
Significant carminative herbs:
Carminative effects (to eruct air from stomach, increase stomach secretions, relax intestine to enable gas passage, limit development of undesirable microorganisms, promote bile
flow to facilitate nutrient absorption)
Peppermint (Menthax piperita)
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita, M. chamomilla, Chamomilla recutita, Chamaemelum nobile)
Minor carminative herbs
Caraway (Carum carvi)
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum, C. vulgare, C. microcarpum)
Calamus (Acorus calamus)
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Cholagogues:
Act to empty the gall bladder or to stimulate the production of bile or both
Turmeric (Curcuma domestica, C. longa, C. zanthorrhiza, C. zedoaria)
Boldo (Peumus boldus)
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
Infections and Kidney Stones
Significant aquaretic-antiseptic herbs:
Enhance fluid and electrolyte excretion, increase blood flow in the kidneys. Useful for: local infection of renal tissue (pyelonephritis); inflammation of urethra (urethritis); inflammation of urinary bladder (cystitis); preventing kidney stones
Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea, S. serotina, S. canadensis)
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
Juniper (Juniperus communis)
Minor aquaretic herbs: Used in diuretic teas
Birch leaves (Betula verrucosa, B. pubescens)
Lovage root (Levisticum officinale)
Antiseptic herbs
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, two varieties: coactylis, adenotricha)—antibacterial herb for urinary tract infections
Anti-infective herbs
Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), most useful for preventing and treating urinary tract infections
Prostate enlargement
Saw palmetto (sabal) (Serenoa repens)
Nettle root (Urtica dioica, U. urens)
Laxative
Bulk-producing laxative
Plantago, also known as psyllium seed (Plantago psyllium,
Plantago indica, Plantago ovata)
Significant stimulant laxatives
Cascara sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana)
Buckthorn (frangula) bark (Rhamnus frangula)
Senna (Cassia acutifolia—known in commerce as Alexandria senna, or Cassia angustifolia—known in commerce as Tinnevelly senna, or these two grouped into Senna alexandrina)
Other stimulant laxatives
Aloe (Aloe barbadensis, A. vera, A. ferox, A. africana, A. spicata)
Rhubarb (Rheum officinale, R. palmatum, R. emodi, R. webbianum)
Minor laxatives: Drastic purgatives
Jalap, Podophyllum, Colocynth
Minor laxatives: Mild and uncertain inaction
Dandelion root, Manna
Liver Damage
Milk thistle (Silybum marianum)
Schizandra (Schisandra chinensis)
Lower Cholesterol
Plantago, also known as psyllium seed (Plantago psyllium, or Plantago indica, Plantago ovata)
Migraine or Vascular Headache
Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
Nausea and Vomiting
Pain (General)
Willow bark (Salix alba)
Performance and Endurance Enhancers
The ginsengs (Panax ginseng, P. quinquefolius, P. pseudoginseng)
Eleuthero (Eleutherococcus senticosus)
Sarsaparilla (Smilax aristolochiaefolia, S. febrifuga)
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
Sassafras (Sassafras officinalis)
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Cerebrovascular disease
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
Other peripheral arterial circulatory disorders
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)—questionable effectiveness
Varicose vein syndrome
Horse chestnut seed (Aesculus hippocastanum, A. glabra)
Butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus)
Sexual Impotence
Yohimbe (Pausinystalia yohimbe)—not recommended for selftreatment,
not for OTC sale in US
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration