Brain Tumors

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tumors do not begin in glial cells
Gliomas
tumors begin in glial cells
Primary Brain Tumors
Tumors that begin in brain tissue are known as primary tumors of the brain. Primary brain tumors are named according to the type of cells or the part of the brain in which they begin. The most common primary brain tumors are gliomas. They begin in glial cells.
Source: National Cancer Institute. www.cancer.gov
Oligodendroglioma
Rare tumor arises from cells that make the fatty substance that covers and protects nerves. These tumors usually occur in the cerebrum
Ependymoma
tumor arises from cells that line the ventricles or the central canal of the spinal cord
Brain stem glioma
tumor occurs in the lowest part of the brain
Astrocytoma
tumor arises from star-shaped glial cells
Pineal region tumor
rare brain tumor arises in or near the pineal gland
Germ cell tumor
tumor arises from a germ cell. Most germ cell tumors that arise in the brain occur in people younger than 30
Craniopharyngioma
tumor grows at the base of the brain, near the pituitary gland
Schwannoma
tumor arises from a Schwann cell. These cells line the nerve that controls balance and hearing. This nerve is in the inner ear
Meningioma
tumor arises in the meninges
Medulloblastoma
usually arises in the cerebellum. It is the most common brain tumor in children
Brain Tumors