Seizures and Epilepsy

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Eclampsia
pregnant women who develop unexpected seizures
Nonepileptic Events
(pseudoseizures)
appear to have seizures, even though no seizure activity in the brain
Febrile Seizures
a seizure of a child during the course of an illness with a high fever.
First Seizures
a single seizure at some point in a life
Not Epilepsy Seizures
Epilepsy Seizures
Generalized seizures
result of abnormal neuronal activity on both sides of the brain. These seizures may cause loss of consciousness, falls, or massive muscle spasms.
Focal Seizures
(partial seizures)
occur in just one part of the brain
Complex focal seizure
person has a change in or loss of consciousness.
Simple focal seizure
person will remain conscious but experience unusual feelings or sensations
Tonic-clonic seizures
(grand mal seizures)
mixture of symptoms
Atonic seizures
loss of normal muscle tone
Myoclonic seizures
jerks or twitches of the upper body, arms, or legs
Clonic seizures
repeated jerking movements of muscles on both sides of the body
Tonic seizures
stiffening of muscles of the body
Absence seizures
(petit mal seizures)
person may appear to be staring into space
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. www.ninds.nih.gov
Seizures and Epilepsy