Traumatic Brain Injury - Abnormal States of Consciousness

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Brain Death
the lack of measurable brain function due to diffuse damage to the cerebral hemispheres and the brainstem, with loss of any integrated activity among distinct areas of the brain
Locked-in Syndrome
a patient is aware and awake, but cannot move or communicate due to complete paralysis of the body
Vegetative State
unconscious and unaware of their surroundings, but they continue to have a sleep-wake cycle and can have periods of alertness
Result of TBI
Coma
the patient is totally unconscious, unresponsive, unaware, and unarousable
Stupor
the patient is unresponsive but can be aroused briefly by a strong stimulus, such as sharp pain
Persistent Vegetative State (PVS)
patients who do not recover from a vegetative state within 30 days
Traumatic Brain Injury
Abnormal States of Consciousness
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. www.ninds.nih.gov