Traumatic Brain Injury - Types of TBI

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Traumatic Brain Injury
Types of TBI
Hypoxia
a decrease in oxygen supply rather than a complete absence of oxygen
Anoxia
a condition in which there is an absence of oxygen supply to an organ's tissues, even if there is adequate blood flow to the tissue
Hematoma
heavy bleeding into or around the brain
Shaking of the brain back and forth within the confines of the skull
Skull fractures
Concussion
a short loss of consciousness in response to a head injury
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. www.ninds.nih.gov
Contusion
a distinct area of swollen brain tissue mixed with blood released from broken blood vessels
Penetrating Skull Fracture
something pierces the skull, such as a bullet
Depressed Skull Fracture
pieces of the broken skull press into the tissue of the brain
Diffuse Axonal Injury (Shearing)
damage to individual nerve cells ( neurons ) and loss of connections among neurons
Shaken Baby Syndrome
a baby is shaken forcibly enough to cause the brain to bounce against the skull
Contrecoup
occurs in car accidents after high-speed stops
Intracerebral Hematoma
bleeding within the brain itself
Subdural Hematoma
bleeding is confined to the area between the dura and the arachnoid membrane
Epidural Hematoma
bleeding into the area between the skull and the dura