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Mineral Elements Chart Example

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Mineral Elements Required by Animals Element Source in Human Diet Major Functions Macronutrients Calcium (Ca) Dairy foods, green leafy vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts, eggs Found in bones and teeth; blood clotting; enzyme activation; nerve and muscle action Chlorine (Cl) Table salt (NaCl), eggs, dairy foods, meat, vegetables Water balance; principal negative ion in tissue fluid, digestion (as HCl) Magnesium (Mg) Green vegetables, whole grains, nuts, milk, legumes, meat Required by many enzymes; found in bones and teeth Phosphorus (P) Dairy foods, meat, whole grains, legumes, nuts, eggs Found in nucleic acids, ATP, and phospholipids; bone formation; metabolism of sugars; buffers Potassium (K) Meat, fruits, vegetables, whole grains Nerve and muscle action; protein synthesis; principal positive ion in cells Sodium (Na) Table salt, meat, eggs, vegetables, dairy foods Nerve and muscle action; water balance, principal positive ion in tissue fluid Sulfur (S) Meat, eggs, nuts, legumes, dairy foods Found in proteins and coenzymes; detoxification of harmful substances Micronutrients Chromium (Cr) Meat, dairy foods, dried beans, whole grains, brewer's yeast, peanuts Glucose metabolism Cobalt (Co) Meat, tap water Found in vitamin B12; formation of red blood cells Copper (Cu) Liver, fish, legumes, nuts, meat, shellfish, whole grains Found in active site of many redox enzymes and electron carriers; production of hemoglobin; bone formation Fluorine (Fl) Most water supplies Resistance to tooth decay Iodine (I) Fish, shellfish, iodized salt Found in thyroid hormones Iron (Fe) Liver, green vegetables, whole grains, nuts, meat, eggs, legumes Found in active sites of many redox enzymes and electron carriers, hemoglobin, and myoglobin Manganese (Mn) Organ meats, whole grains, legumes, tea, coffee, nuts Activates many enzymes Molybdenum (Mo) Organ meats, dairy foods, green vegetables, whole grains, legumes Found in some enzymes Selenium (Se) Meat, eggs, seafood, whole grains, chicken, milk, garlic Fat metabolism Zinc (Zn) Liver, shellfish, fish, and many other foods Found in some enzymes and some transcription factors; insulin physiology

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